It used to be a colony or a dominion? What is a dominion? Who is the president of Canada (nobody)? What is the difference between provinces and territories, why they don’t have just states?
And finally – is Canada a Monarchy?
MapleDude.Ca will answer this question today.
Right off the bat the answer is yes, Canada is a Monarchy, but what kind of a Monarchy though?
Yes, there is more than just one kind.
Monarchy is a form of government with, well, a monarch, king or queen. That’s why you see a lot of those “King” and “Queen” street in all ex-British colonies. The key point of a monarchy is that a Queen or a King has all the power, they can do whatever they want without anybody’s approval. This is what most people think of a Monarchy and they are right, they are right when it comes to the oldest type of it – Absolute Monarchy. With such kind of government a Monarch rules until his death and he passes power to his children. This is called a dynasty.
Current examples of such monarchy are countries like Brunei, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Vatican City and the United Arab Emirates.
In good old days (not that good…) this was the only type of monarchy, so now all countries with different types of monarchy had an absolute monarchy in the past before they went thru reforms.
The other type of monarchy is more developed and modern, it is called a Constitutional Monarchy, this is the one Canada has, as well as many other developed countries.
Countries with constitutional monarchy are: Australia, Belgium, Japan, Denmark, Jamaica, Jordan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Monaco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, The United Kingdom and many others.
There is also an Elective Monarchy, but today we won’t cover that.
In Constitutional Monarchy there is a King or a Queen, but they have no real power. In this system all real political power belongs to the elected parliament and the leader of a country called “Prime Minister”. King or Queen is still there and they are symbolic, for example recent royal wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle was all over the news, but the royal family does not rule the country.
The most important thing in Constitutional Monarchy is the constitution. This is the main law, not a will of a King or a Queen.
Canada is still a Monarchy, but it is a democratic and sovereign country where Canadian people elect representatives, who act on their behalf in the parliament. The ruling party picks a Prime Minister, he assigns members of the Senate, Judges and Ministers, but power comes from people.
To honor historical system Canada still has some symbolic roles, like Governor-general, who acts on Queen’s behalf.
Politics can hard to understand for an ordinary person, many people don’t even know what is the difference between main political parties in Canada. There are numerous articles and videos on this topic, but here MapleDude.Ca will try to explain everything in simple words.
Those two hold the most of the seats in local and federal government.
New Democratic Party, Bloc Québécois and Green Party of Canada are important parties as well, but in this article we going to cover only Liberals and Conservatives because Canadian political system is mostly a two-party system, same as in The United States and The United Kingdom. One confusing thing though, in The U.S. red color represents Republican Party, which has mostly conservative views, and the blue color represents Democratic Party with liberal views. Hard to say who got it backwards, but in Canada red associated with liberals and socialists, and blue is the color of the conservative party.
Where the parties stand on key issues?
Here is a picture which describes main differences between liberals and conservatives regarding some political questions and issues.
This is a simplified overview of a Canadian columnist and media commentator J.J. McCullough, but it gives a good overall picture.
Generally speaking views of Canadian Conservative party are close to American Republicans in many ways, and Canadian Liberals are similar to American Democrats, although there are some important differences. All Canadian parties are more left sided then parties with similar names in Europe and America. For instance in Canada both major parties support multiculturalism and immigration, both of them don’t want to change much current Canadian healthcare system.
It is important to note that any generalization is not 100% accurate, there are people in any party with different views and a party today is different from the same party 10, 20 and 50 years ago. Also there are people with farther right or farther left views in both parties and there are some party members with “flexible positions”.
Conservative Party Of Canada
Canadian conservatives (also knows as Tories) founded their organization not long ago in 2003, it is a merger of Canadian Alliance and Progressive Conservatives. They don’t support high taxes and regulations for business and individuals, but because they oppose budget deficit and government debt, often they would cut expenses, which causes a negative reaction. As their American colleges they oppose climate change to support basic economic industries such as manufacturing and oil companies, although they wouldn’t deny it completely.
They are tough on crime and on Islamic radicalism, but it doesn’t mean they would behave like Trump with his bans and immigration restrictions.
Conservatives respect Canadians history, but many of them count history from the time Europeans came to America, so events like the First and second World War and veterans are highly honored by them.
Usually their voters are from rural areas and small towns. They are more likely to be older than those who vote for liberals.
Conservatives either very poor, or very rich, middle class often chose liberals, but it is not always the case.
Historically immigrants weren’t their fans, but in recent years it changed due to many newcomers from countries like Poland, Ukraine, China, Iran, Syria where people have somewhat conservative mentality. It is even ironic, but these days many new immigrants vote for Conservatives because of their support of traditional values.
Liberal Party Of Canada
Some people might think that Liberals are just the opposite of Conservatives and when it comes to certain issues it is true.
Liberal views are close to socialists. They increase government spending and they are not afraid of a budget deficit. With Liberal government minimum wages go up, welfare is rising as well as the salaries of government and public workers. They claim to support those in need, especially when it comes to visible minorities.
Liberals see the climate change as a big and important issue, so they take a strong stand on the international and domestic on this topic.
They see current crime and punishment system as something which might need a reform, because they point out that many criminals are not becalming better in any way after a hard and long prison time, especially if they committed a minor violation.
Internationally Canadian liberals are very famous for their LGBT support and for the recent marijuana legalization. It was their government when Canada passed those laws which changed country a lot. Liberals believe in equality for all ethic and religious groups. Gender rights and the question of Native American people are important problems for them.
Their voters are usually young, well educated and from middle class. Also their policies attract minorities and immigrants, but as we mentioned before immigrants are not always vote for them, although it is the Liberals who make immigration to Canada easier and faster process.
Who should i vote for?
There is a fun website called isidewith.com, they have many political quizzes where you going to be asked a few questions online and after that you’ll see a recommended party which suits you.
Here is the quiz for Canadian politics for 2019, give it a try, it might surprise you. I thought of myself as a conservative, but after answering all questions i found out that i am actually for NDP:
That’s it for today.
MapleDude.Ca is not a professional political website, it is more like a college paper, that is why we covered everything very briefly and not very deeply. You can find a more detailed explanation of Canadian parties with their views in this guide by ottawacitizen.com. It would take a long time to review other Canadian political parties or to do a better overview of Liberals and Democrats, so we might do it some other time.
Canada Post company workers have been on strike for several months. The strike was initiated by the Canadian Union of Postal Workers (CUPW) in 4 cities. The main reasons are health and safety measures, forced overtime and the pay system difference between rural and urban workers. (Video)
The post service is expected to work as usual although you may experience some delays until the strike is over.
Good news everyone, travel destination #3 in North America just moved to the top as marijuana is now 100% legal in Canada.
October 17, 2018 was a big day for the country, on that day The Cannabis Act which made Canada one of very few countries (along with Georgia, South Africa and Uruguay) where smoking pot for personal, medical and recreation purposes is not illegal.
There are other places on the globe with limited rights to use the herb, but only small number of countries with full legalization.
Government of Canada points out that there are 3 main reasons to legalize it:
Keep it out of the hands of youth;
Keep profits out of the pockets of criminals;
Protect public health and safety by allowing adults access to legal cannabis.
There are already ads on YouTube with official messages from government, for example in Ontario the ad says that you actually can’t buy weed anywhere and from anyone, you have to buy it from a special governmental store. There are still some reasonable restrictions on where you can vape or smoke it, for instance you can’t use it in indoor common areas, enclosed public places and enclosed work places.
Of course you can’t use it close (<20 m.) to schools and places where children gather. Hospitals, hospices and care homes are also no smoking zones. Plus, it is illegal and dangerous to smoke while you drive.
You can official and legally buy Cannabis in Canada online here:
According to this law sale of sex is legal, but things like “communicating for the sale of sexual services” and other aspects of this process, such as interactions between prostitutes, johns, and pimps, are still banned. (Source)
This follows so called “Nordic model”, first adopted by Sweden in 1999.
This is original image and article by MapleDude.Ca.