Canadian political system may seem confusing.
It used to be a colony or a dominion? What is a dominion? Who is the president of Canada (nobody)? What is the difference between provinces and territories, why they don’t have just states?
And finally – is Canada a Monarchy?
MapleDude.Ca will answer this question today.
Right off the bat the answer is yes, Canada is a Monarchy, but what kind of a Monarchy though?
Yes, there is more than just one kind.
Monarchy is a form of government with, well, a monarch, king or queen. That’s why you see a lot of those “King” and “Queen” street in all ex-British colonies. The key point of a monarchy is that a Queen or a King has all the power, they can do whatever they want without anybody’s approval. This is what most people think of a Monarchy and they are right, they are right when it comes to the oldest type of it – Absolute Monarchy. With such kind of government a Monarch rules until his death and he passes power to his children. This is called a dynasty.
Current examples of such monarchy are countries like Brunei, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Vatican City and the United Arab Emirates.
In good old days (not that good…) this was the only type of monarchy, so now all countries with different types of monarchy had an absolute monarchy in the past before they went thru reforms.
The other type of monarchy is more developed and modern, it is called a Constitutional Monarchy, this is the one Canada has, as well as many other developed countries.
Countries with constitutional monarchy are: Australia, Belgium, Japan, Denmark, Jamaica, Jordan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Monaco, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, The United Kingdom and many others.
There is also an Elective Monarchy, but today we won’t cover that.
In Constitutional Monarchy there is a King or a Queen, but they have no real power. In this system all real political power belongs to the elected parliament and the leader of a country called “Prime Minister”. King or Queen is still there and they are symbolic, for example recent royal wedding of Prince Harry and Meghan Markle was all over the news, but the royal family does not rule the country.
The most important thing in Constitutional Monarchy is the constitution. This is the main law, not a will of a King or a Queen.
Canada is still a Monarchy, but it is a democratic and sovereign country where Canadian people elect representatives, who act on their behalf in the parliament. The ruling party picks a Prime Minister, he assigns members of the Senate, Judges and Ministers, but power comes from people.
To honor historical system Canada still has some symbolic roles, like Governor-general, who acts on Queen’s behalf.